The three currents of external medicine

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By Steve Clavey

There are many ways to divide a phenomenon along lines of articulation for the purposes of discussion, but in the case of Chinese external medicine, the lines that make the most sense are those of treatment approach. The three lines, or currents, on that basis were the  Zhèng Zōng ( Orthodox Lineage) school, the Quán Shēng ( Total Efficacy) school, and the Xīn Dé Jí ( Collected Experience) school. Although each focused on the treatment of skin lesions, their approaches were often strikingly different.

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